In 1935, a Deputy Secretary in the Foreign Department, Olaf Caroe, "discovered" that the McMahon Line was not drawn on official maps. Jhum, the local term used for shifting cultivation is being widely practised among the tribal groups, though owing to the gradual growth of other sources of income in the recent years, it is not being practised as prominently as it was earlier. The Indian National Congress Chief Minister Nabam Tuki replaced Jarbom Gamlin as the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh on 1 November 2011 and continued until January 2016. Itanagar Airport, a Greenfield project serving Itanagar is being planned at Holongi at a cost of ₹6.5 billion. Moving east, the Idu, Miju and Digaru make up the Mishmi cultural-linguistic area. Vidhya’s Kirukalgal. The highest peak in the state is Kangto, at 7,060 metres (23,160 ft). Arunachal Pradesh – Probably one of the least explored states of India, Arunachal in true sense could be a pleasing surprise for any travel enthusiast. India became independent in 1947 and the People's Republic of China (PRC) was established in 1949. [45] In April 2017, China strongly objected to a visit to Tawang by the Dalai Lama, as it had to an earlier visit by the US ambassador to India. [83][84][85][86] The proposed alignment of the Frontier Highway has been published. Tani languages are among the better-studied languages of the region. In between there are transition zones, such as the Aka/Hruso/Miji/Sherdukpen area, between the Tibetan Buddhist tribes and the animist Tani hill tribes. Arunachal Pradesh, state of India that constitutes a mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the country. To the west and north of the Tani area are found at least one and possibly as many as four Bodic languages, including Dakpa and Tshangla language; within modern-day India, these languages go by the cognate but, in usage, distinct designations Monpa and Memba. Both the tribes exhibit very much cultural similarities. Over 1.5 million residents of Arunachal Pradesh belong to the five Tani tribes (Nyishi, Adi, Galo, Apatani, Tagin) supposedly descended from Abotani. The literate population is said to number 789,943. Office room of Governor, ADC’s room and room of PS are on the ground floor. [13][14][15], The war resulted in the termination of barter trade with Tibet, although since 2007 the Indian government has shown signs of wanting to resume barter trade.[41]. The most crucial socio-political information about Arunachal Pradesh relates to its capital city Itanagar. Those between the Siang and Noa Dihing are classified as the Mishmi Hills that may be part of the Hengduan Mountains. There are also trust institutes, like Pali Vidyapith, run by Buddhists. Literacy has risen in official figures to 66.95% in 2011 from 54.74% in 2001. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Government Houses of the British Indian Empire, The official web site of Governor of Arunachal Pradesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raj_Bhavan,_Itanagar&oldid=925350337, Buildings and structures in Arunachal Pradesh, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from May 2012, All articles needing additional references, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2019, at 15:09. Arunachal Pradesh (/ˌərʊˌnɑːtʃəl prəˈdeɪʃ/, literally "land of dawn-lit mountains")[12] is a state in Northeast India. Details related to fisheries programme and schemes are provided. [78] Before the state was connected by roads, these airstrips were used to distribute food. Between the Bodic and Tani areas lie many almost completely undescribed and unclassified languages, which, speculatively considered Tibeto-Burman, exhibit many unique structural and lexical properties that probably reflect both a long history in the region and a complex history of language contact with neighbouring populations. [43] According to the Dalai Lama, "In 1962 during the India-China war, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) occupied all these areas (Arunachal Pradesh) but they announced a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew, accepting the current international boundary". [13][14][15][16] During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, most of Arunachal Pradesh was temporarily captured by the Chinese People's Liberation Army.[13][14][15]. In addition to these non-Indo-European languages, the Indo-European languages Assamese, Bengali, English, Nepali and especially Hindi are making strong inroads into Arunachal Pradesh. Top 6 Best Places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh is a northeastern state of India. Arunachal Pradesh is situated in the North Eastern part of India with 83743 sq.kms area between latitude 26 30’ N and 29 30’ N and longitude 91 30’ E and 97 30’ E. The state has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160km), China to the North and north-east (1080km) and Myanmar to the east (440km). On 13 July 2016, the Supreme Court quashed the Arunachal Pradesh Governor J.P. Rajkhowa's order to advance the Assembly session from 14 January 2016 to 16 December 2015, which resulted in President's rule in Arunachal Pradesh. But hours before floor test, he resigned as the chief minister on 16 July 2016. [77] State-owned Daporijo Airport, Ziro Airport, Along Airport, and Tezu Airport are small and not in operation, but the government has proposed to develop them. The construction of the 33-kilometre 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge railway line was completed in 2012, and the link became operational after the gauge conversion of the main line from Assam. [17] The state is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. To the east of the Tani area lie three virtually undescribed and highly endangered languages of the "Mishmi" group of Tibeto-Burman: Idu, Digaru and Miju. The state sends three members to the Parliament. [48] These groups seek to decrease the influence of Indian government in the region and merge part of Arunachal Pradesh into Nagaland. Naharkatiya, Narayanpur of Lakhimpur districts of Assam. Within the Tani area, major tribes include the Nyishi. Tibetan Buddhism predominates in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, and isolated regions adjacent to Tibet. Subsurface flows and summer snow melt contribute to the volume of water. Arunachal Pradesh comprises two divisions i.e. Agriculture primarily drives the economy. This route commenced in May 2018 under the Government's Regional Connectivity Scheme UDAN following the completion of a passenger terminal at Pasighat Airport in 2017. Puroik, in particular, is perhaps one of the most culturally and linguistically unique and significant populations in all of Asia from proto-historical and anthropological-linguistic perspectives, and yet virtually no information of any real reliability regarding their culture or language can be found in print. Around 30% of the population are Christians. In the east, one finds the Adi with many subtribes including Padam, Pasi, Minyong and Bokar, among others. The state's mountain ranges, in the extreme East of India, are described as "the place where the sun rises" in historical Indian texts and named the Aruna Mountains, which inspired the name of the state. As Britain was not able to get an acceptance from China, Tibetans considered the MacMahon line invalid.[36]. Another notable heritage site, Bhismaknagar (built-in the 8th century), has led to suggestions that the Chutia people had an advanced culture and administration. It is literally heaven on Earth. Arunachal Pradesh has close to 61,000 square kilometres of forests, and forest products are the next most significant sector of the economy. As a result, Nabam Tuki was reinstated as the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh on 13 July 2016. [citation needed], Arunachal Pradesh suffered political crisis between April 2016 and December 2016. India plans to eventually extend the railway to Tawang, near the border with China.[91]. Arunachal Pradesh has faced threats from insurgent groups, notably the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), who are believed to have base camps in the districts of Changlang and Tirap. Access to central Arunachal Pradesh has been facilitated by the Bogibeel Bridge, an earthquake-resistant rail and road bridge over the Brahmaputra River in Assam, opened for public use on 25 December 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Email address of the school is ghsshawai.anjaw@gmail.com. and 600 A.D. [66] Construction of the Upper Siang Hydroelectric Project, which is expected to generate between 10,000 and 12,000 MW, began in April 2009.[67]. Khamti is the only tribe in Arunachal Pradesh that has its own script. It originates in Tawang and spans most of the width of Arunachal Pradesh, then crosses south into Assam and ends at Wakro. It gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. [39] In 1938, two decades after the Simla Conference, the British finally published the Simla Accord as a bilateral accord and the Survey of India published a detailed map showing the McMahon Line as a border of India. [75] Despite, or perhaps because of, the linguistic diversity of the region, English is the only official language recognised in the state. [38] British records show that the condition for the Tibetan government to accept the new border was that China must accept the Simla Convention. [59] Three new giant flying squirrels were also described from the state during the last one and half-decade. [44], In recent years, China has occasionally asserted its claims on Tawang. The new Chinese government still considered the McMahon Line invalid. The Tibetan and British representatives devised the Simla Accord including the McMahon Line,[35] but the Chinese representatives did not concur. Of the above institutions, only the following institutions are accredited by NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council), in the order of their grade: Jawaharlal Nehru College, Pasighat (Grade A), St Claret College, Ziro (Grade A), Indira Gandhi Govt. 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